Safely Use Your Bergamot Essential Oil


Bergamot Citrus bergamia is part of the Rutaceae family from Italy and the Ivory Coast. In the perfumery industry, Bergamot is often used and plays a big role in fragrance creation. Its citrus fragrance is unique and goes beautiful with floral oils such as Neroli, Rose and Ylang Ylang as well as herbals oils and other citrus oils.

Bergamot can be used to treat symptoms of digestive problems as well as emotional problems including depression, stress and hypertension, joint pain, muscle pain, skin disorders, infection, upper respiratory infections, digestive issues, and more.

With essential oils, there are four factors that play apart in safety and exposure: How your oil was applied, how strong of a dilution rate you use, how much you use and how often it is applied. Externally, if not diluted properly, and depending on the constituents (components) within the oil, it can either cause irritation, allergic reaction such as phototoxicity or a photo-allergy reaction. If used incorrectly internally, it can cause neurotoxicity, hepatotoxicity, carcinogenicity, or fetotoxicity.

In this article, I’ll give you some safe and effective information, so you can enjoy the benefits that Bergamot offers without being concerned about the safety aspect of it. First, a few tips about essential oils.

Evaporation Rates

Essential oils have an evaporation rates and are referred to as “notes”. Top notes such as Bergamot and other citrus evaporate rather quickly. Middle notes are the next to evaporate and the slowest oils to evaporate are your base notes. Because of the various evaporation notes of essential oils, over time you may detect a slight change in the aroma. Keeping your blend in a dark closed essential oil bottle will preserve your oil. Essential oils have shelf lives and to achieve complete shelf life, it will also help to keep them in a cold, dark place. The ideal temperature is 60-65%. A small refrigerator is often used for this purpose. You can refer to our Ultimate Guide to review the various notes as well as other pertinent information for each oil.

Distillation Process

Citrus fruit are expressed, or steam distilled from the peeling or rind of the fruit. Most citrus are phototoxic with the first reaction from fragrances with citrus oils being reported in 1916.

In 1970, the International Fragrance Association (IFRA) set safety guidelines and since then phototoxic reactions from fragrances is very rare now.